” A SCHOOL DAY TRIP REPORT FROM 2nd D L”.
A SCHOOL DAY TRIP TO CASTELLAMMARE DI STABIA AND SORRENTO
On March 12th we went to Campania on a school day trip. In Castellammare di Stabia we visited “Villa Arianna” and “Villa San Marco”, two ancient Roman villas, which date from II century B.C.
The villas are decorated with frescos and mosaics.
Then we had lunch in a picturesque restaurant on the Sorrento coast sea front.
Next we visited the local park and San Francisco’s courtyard, one of the most ancient monuments in Sorrento. We took some pictures with our teachers, too.
After visiting the cathedral we finally walked along the town centre and bought some souvenirs. We really spent a lovely day!
Here is some info about these historical ruins.
VILLA ARIANNA & VILLA SAN MARCO
They are the most ancient Roman villas in Stabia (II century B.C.) , discovered with some excavations, which were started by the express will of King Charles of Bourbon on 7th June 1749. They are situated upon the hill of Varano.
Their floors are in black and white mosaic and on the walls there are some frescoes on a red background belonging to the third style. The main room is the hall with impluvium which is in the centre, instead around we can find a lot of rooms.
THE THERMAL COMPLEX
It comprises a small tetrastyle atrium, originally a frigidarium , and the callidarium occupied by a large pool heated by a bronze cauldron-not unlike other luxury establishement such as the Suburban Thermae at Herculaneum. The frigidarium has a cold-water pool and an apsed end-wall. Next to this hall is the tepidarium, whose floor, preserved only in the North-Est corner, was supported by underlying clay pipes for the passage of hot vapour.
Both villas include a thermal complex.
THE MYTH OF ARIADNE AND THESEUS
Ariadne in Greek mythology, was the daughter of Minos, King of Crete and a son of Zeus, and Minos’ queen Pasiphaë, a daughter of Helios. She is mostly associated with mazes and labyrinths because of her involvement in the myths of the Minotaur and Theseus. Her father put her in charge of the labyrinth where sacrifices were made as part of reparations later, she helped Theseus overcome the Minotaur and save the potential sacrificial victims. In other stories, she became the bride of the god Dionysus, with the question of her being mortal or a goddess varying in those accounts.
VILLA SAN MARCO
Entrance is through a small colonnaded and frescoed portico, furnished with a couple of lateral masonry seats for waiting clients. The median area exhibits mythological frescoes. The whole setup can be ascribed to the 1st century B.C. .
Group work from 2 D L Teacher Dora Cantarale